Open Access (and APCs)

LUMC is commited to Open Science, the National Plan Open Science and Open Access (OA) publishing.

** 4-12-2020: Maximum number of open access articles for OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS for the year 2020 has been reached **

An Open Access article is a journal article that can be read free of charge. The publication costs are paid for either by the author of an institution. There are a number of options open to LUMC staff and students to keep publication costs as low as possible.  

Currently there are two options: publication in Gold OA through our institutional licenses (1) and publication in Green OA in our institutional repository (2). Information on the reliability/unreliability of Open Access is also provided below (3). 

  1. Publisher deals: licences and institutional membership
  2. Green Road vs. Golden Road
  3. Reliability/unreliability of Open Access
  4. Relevant links

1. Publisher deals: licenses and institutional membership
In a number of licenses with publishers, the Article Processing Charges (APCs) have been (partially) bought off by the Dutch UMCs and universities. These are mainly licenses for so-called hybrid journals (partially OA, partially subscription). Licenses for fully OA-journals tend to be very expensive.
The APC buy off agreements with various publishers can be found at  and at
On these sites, you can precisely check whether the journal you are submitting your manuscript to is part of such an agreement. You will also be able to see what the process during the submission is for each specific publisher ("How does it work?"). 

This involves the following publishers at present: 

    • American Chemical Society (ACS)
    • Brill
    • Cambridge Universiy Press
    • Elsevier / ScienceDirect
    • Emerald
    • Karger
    • Lippincott Williams & Wilkins LWW
    • Royal Society of Chemistry (RCS)
    • SAGE
    • Springer
    • Taylor & Francis
    • Thieme
    • Walter de Gruyter
    • Wiley

There is a 50% APC-discount for LUMC-authors in Bioscientifica-journals.

For publisher Mary Ann Liebert a different type of agreement applies: 
25% of the APC costs for LUMC staff or students has been bought off. This means that LUMC staff and students publish articles with open access in Mary Ann Liebert journals for $2.400 (in stead of $3.200). 

2. Green Road vs. Golden Road

The publisher deals as described above are so-called Golden Road of Open Access: the publication costs (APCs) are bought off by the author and the article is published for the first time by the publisher in Open Access. There is also the so-called  Green Road - this focuses on articles that have been published traditionally and which can be published anew in a public repository. This generally implies no extra costs. Many publishers allow republication of a peer-reviewed article in some form, such as pre-print or post-print (this is called 'self-archiving'). 

To be able to publish such a green version in the Leiden Repository, the article must be included in the publication module of Converis, the research registration system of the LUMC. The article data of the LUMC authors can be imported into Converis from Web of Science.

The Walaeus Library is systematically adding full texts to articles in Converis. To do this correctly, the librarians check what version is allowed to be uploaded. The full text can also be uploaded by the researcher. It is possible that data of a completely new article is not yet included in Web of Science, as a result of which the article cannot be imported into Converis. Our advice is to wait with importing the article until it becomes available in Web of Science. Import from Web of Science prevents errors in metadata. If waiting is not an option, data of the item can be entered manually if necessary.

Some Golden Road-journals do not charge any APCs - in that case the costs are paid for by e.g. the society that publishes the journal, for instance. This kind of journals is called Platinum Open Access or Diamond Open Access, for example Acta Orthopedica and Haematologica. They don't charge authors nor readers. 

In the Directory of Open Access Journals ( you can find open access journals.
A practical checklist of all journals and publishers can be found at
See also Leiden University's Copyright Information Office.

3. Reliability/unreliability of Open Access

Some journals and publishers abuse the "author-pays" model of Open Access (the Golden Road) in an unprofessional manner to make easy money (predatory journals). The Think. Check Submit  website provides a checklist to check if a journal is trustworthy. Additional information on the quality of journals can also be found at the Directory of Open Access Journals ( and on the 'alternative' for Beall's List at Another useful site, however in Dutch, is When in doubt, please consult

4. Relevant Links