Open Access

An Open Access article is a journal article that can be read free of charge. The publication costs are paid for either by the author of an institution. There are a number of options open to LUMC staff and students to keep publication costs as low as possible. 
There are currently three options (1-3). Information on the reliability/unreliability of Open Access is also provided below (4). See also the Walaeus Wegwijzer Plan S. (under construction).

  1. Publisher deals: licences and institutional membership
  2. Green Road vs. Golden Road
  3. Grants
  4. Reliability/unreliability of Open Access
  5. Relevant links

1. Publisher deals: licenses and institutional membership
In a number of licenses with publishers, the Article Processing Charges (APCs) have been (partially) bought off by the Dutch UMCs and universities. The APC buy off agreements with various publishers can be found at  and at On this site, you can precisely check whether the journal you are submitting your manuscript to is part of such an agreement. You will also be able to see what the process during the submission is for each specific publisher ("How does it work?").
This involves the following publishers at present: 

    • American Chemical Society (ACS)
    • Brill
    • Cambridge Universiy Press
    • Elsevier / ScienceDirect
    • Emerald
    • Karger
    • Lippincott Williams & Wilkins LWW
    • Royal Society of Chemistry (RCS)
    • SAGE
    • Springer
    • Taylor & Francis
    • Thieme
    • Walter de Gruyter
    • Wiley

There is a 50% APC-discount for LUMC-authors in Bioscientifica-journals.

For publisher Mary Ann Liebert a different type of agreement applies: 
25% of the APC costs for LUMC staff or students has been bought off. This means that LUMC staff and students publish articles with open access in Mary Ann Liebert journals for $2.400 (in stead of $3.200). See also the Mary Ann Liebert website.

2. Green Road vs. Golden Road

The publisher deals as described above are so-called Golden Road of Open Access: the publication costs (APCs) are bought off by the author and the article is published for the first time by the publisher in Open Access. There is also the so-called  Green Road - this focuses on articles that have been published traditionally and which can be published anew in a public repository. This generally implies no extra costs. Many publishers allow republication of a peer-reviewed article in some form, such as pre-print or post-print (this is called 'self-archiving'). 

Some Golden Road-journals do not charge any APCs - in that case the costs are paid for by e.g. the society that publishes the journal, for instance. This kind of journals is called Platinum Open Access or Diamond Open Access, for example Acta Orthopedica and Haematologica. They don't charge authors nor readers. 

In the Directory of Open Access Journals ( you can find open access journals.
A practical checklist of all journals and publishers can be found at  See also Leiden University's Copyright Information Office.

3. Grants

From 1 January 2018 Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO) stopped its Open Access Publications and Conferences Stimulus Funds. 

NWO say that because of the contracts that the Dutch University Consortium VSNU has concluded, there are now many more options for authors to publish open access without having to paying APCs. NWO will continue to work on realising the ambitions from the National Plan for Open Science, including the goal of having all publications take place via an open access route by 2020.

4. Reliability/unreliability of Open Access

Some journals and publishers abuse the "author-pays" model of Open Access (the Golden Road) in an unprofessional manner to make easy money. The Think. Check Submit  website provides a checklist to check if a journal is trustworthy. Additional information on the quality of journals can also be found at the Directory of Open Access Journals ( and on the 'alternative' for Beall's List at Another useful site, however in Dutch, is When in doubt, please consult

5. Relevant Links