Open Access (and APCs)

LUMC is commited to Open Science, the National Plan Open Science and Open Access (OA) publishing.

** Open Access cap at Springer to be reached soon ** see Albinusnet   September 6th, 2021   
Open Access cap at Springer to be reached soon (

An Open Access article is a journal article that can be read free of charge. The publication costs are paid for either by the author or an institution. There are two options open to LUMC staff and students to keep publication costs as low as possible.  

These two options are: publication in Gold OA through our institutional agreements (1) and publication in Green OA in our institutional repository (2). Information on the reliability/unreliability of Open Access is also provided below (4). 

  1. Publisher deals: agreements and institutional membership
  2. Green Road vs. Gold Road
  3. Open Research Europe (ORE) - free Open Access publishing research stemming from Horizon 2020 funding
  4. Reliability/unreliability of Open Access
  5. Relevant links

1. Publisher deals: agreements and institutional membership
In most agreements with publishers, the Article Processing Charges (APCs) have been (partially) bought off by the Dutch UMCs and universities. These are mainly agreements for so-called hybrid journals (publishing both OA and subscription articles). FYI: Agrements for fully OA-journals tend to be very expensive.
The APC buy off agreements with various publishers can be found at:  and
In particular, on, the Open Access Journal Browser allows you to precisely check wether the journal you are submitting your manuscript tois part of such an agreement. You will also be able to see what the submission process is for each specific publisher ("How does it work?"). 

2. Green Road vs. Gold Road

The publisher deals as described above are so-called Gold route to Open Access: the publication costs (APCs) are bought off by an agreement paid for by the author or institution and the article is published by the publisher in Open Access. There is also the so-called  Green OA route - this focuses on articles that have already been published in supscription or open access journals and which can be shared in a public repository. The Green OA route generally involves no extra costs. Many publishers allow sharing of a peer-reviewed article in some form, such as pre-print or post-print (this is called 'self-archiving'). For articles in subscription journals, these may often only be shared after an agreed period of time (embargo periods of 6, 12 or 24 months are common).

To be able to publish Green OA version of an article in the Leiden Repository, the article must be included in the publication module of Converis, the research registration system of the LUMC. The article and metadata of LUMC authored articles can be imported into Converis from Web of Science.

The Walaeus Library is systematically adding full texts registered articles in Converis. To do this correctly, the librarians check which version of the article is allowed to be shared in a repository. The full text can also be uploaded by the researcher. It is possible that data of a completely new article is not yet included in Web of Science, menaning the article cannot yet be imported into Converis. Our advice is to wait with importing the article until it becomes available in Web of Science. Import from Web of Science prevents errors in metadata. If waiting is not an option, the article metadata can be entered manually, if necessary.

Some Gold route fully OA-journals do not charge any APCs - in that case the costs are paid for by the insitiute or the society that publishes the journal, for instance. This kind of journals is called Platinum Open Access or Diamond Open Access. Examples include Acta Orthopedica and Haematologica. These journals don't charge authors or readers.                                                                           
In the Directory of Open Access Journals ( you can find open access journals. A practical checklist of all journals and publishers can be found at
See also Leiden University's Copyright Information Office.

3. Open Research Europe (ORE) - free Open Access publishing research stemming from Horizon 2020 funding

Open Research Europe [] is an open access publishing platform for the publication of research stemming from Horizon 2020 funding across all subject areas. The platform makes it easy for Horizon 2020 beneficiaries to comply with the open access terms of their funding and offers researchers a publishing venue to share their results and insights rapidly and facilitate open, constructive research discussion.

4. Reliability/unreliability of Open Access

Some predatory journals and publishers abuse the "author-pays" model of Open Access (the Gold route) in an unprofessional manner to make easy money. The Think. Check Submit  website provides a checklist to check if a journal is trustworthy. Additional information on the quality of journals can also be found at the Directory of Open Access Journals ( and on the 'alternative' for Beall's List at Another useful site is When in doubt, please consult

5. Relevant Links