Children’s ophthalmology combines almost all medical subspecialties in ophthalmology into one, and patients often suffer from complex conditions. A special area of interest is intraocular surgery, especially the treatment of cataract. As not only the surgery but also amblyopia treatment is essential for the development of good vision, the treatment of children with cataract provides very different challenges than the treatment of cataracts in adults.
A second area of study is the identification and treatment of low visual acuity in pre-verbal children. Specialised investigations are used to identify the cause of bad vision in infants. In an ongoing study, different screening techniques to identify bad vision in children are being compared.
Among the causes of bad vision in children are uveitis and retinopathy of prematurity. These subjects are the focus of clinical research; a national study is underway to determine whether screening for retinopathy of prematurity is efficient (NED-ROP study).